Factors predicting the need for tube thoracostomy in patients with iatrogenic pneumothorax associated with computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle biopsy
1Kocaeli University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
2Kocaeli University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kocaeli, Turkey
Keywords: PneumothoraxIatrogenic disease, Needle biopsy, Chest tubes, Tube thoracostomy
Objectives: Traumatic iatrogenic pneumothorax occurs most often after a transthoracic needle biopsy. Since this procedure has become a common outpatient intervention, emergency department admissions of post-biopsy pneumothorax patients have increased. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that predict the need for tube thoracostomy in patients with post-biopsy pneumothorax in the emergency department.
Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 191 patients with post-biopsy pneumothorax who were admitted to the emergency department between 2010 and 2017. Patient characteristics, clinical findings at the emergency department presentation, and procedural and radiological features were reviewed. A multivariate logistic regression model was constructed using the variables from univariate comparisons to determine the need for tube thoracostomy in patients with iatrogenic pneumothorax, and the effect sizes were demonstrated with odds ratios.
Results: Tube thoracostomies were performed on 69 out of 191 patients (36.1%). A total of 122 patients (63.9%) were treated with supplemental oxygen therapy without any other intervention, and 126 patients (66.0%) were hospitalized. In the multivariate model, the variables predicting the need for a tube thoracostomy were decreased breath sounds, dyspnea, decreased systolic blood pressure, decreased oxygen saturation and increased pleura–lesion distance. A distance of 19.7 mm predicted the need with a sensitivity of 69.6% and a specificity of 62.3%.
Conclusion: Decreased breath sounds, dyspnea, decreased systolic blood pressure, decreased oxygen saturation, and increased pleura-lesion distance may predict the need for a tube thoracostomy in patients with post-biopsy pneumothorax.